The Romanian capital, Bucharest is located almost in the center of the country at approximately equal distances from the Danube and the Sub-Carpathian hills.
Located in the southern plain sector called Vlasiei, Bucharest stretches on 228 square km and is crossed from the NW to SE by Colentina and Dambovita rivers. The minimum altitude (60 m) is recorded in the SE, on the Dambovita valley, while the maximum elevation is reached in the opposite sector, near the Arch of Triumph (91 m). Among the highest parts of the city we should include: In SE the Hill Mountain (75 m), South Hill Piscul (83 m) and in the central area, the Metropolitan Hill (80 m).
Bucharest is the most important communication node of the country: here there are 17 converging rail lines , 9 national roads and air paths linking the core of the city with about 16 other cities of the country:. Bucharest has two airports: Baneasa for domestic traffic (and recent international) and Otopeni, 16 km, for international flights. With the possible resumption of the construction of the Arges-Danube Canal (on the 83 km long and between Oltenita Mihailesti), Bucharest will become a river port.
The the major cities of the country - distances by rail and road are:
- 209km, Timisoara
- 557 km, Arad
- 549 km, Oradea
- 632 km, Satu Mare
- 611 km, Baia Mare
- 570 km, Cluj-Napoca
- 479 km, Brasov
- 170 km, Suceava
- 438 km, Iasi
- 391 km, Galati
- 251 km, Constanta
Compared to some cities of Europe Bucharest is (on rail track )at 543 km from Sofia, 1 301 km from Warsaw, 1515 km from Prague, at 899 km from Budapest, 693 km from Belgrade, 1153 km from Vienna, 2 163 km from Moscow and 543 km from Paris.
One of the major cities of Eastern Europe, Bucharest is the most important political, administrative, economic and cultural center of Romania. In 1995 the city had a population of 2 054 079 inhabitants. From 1966, a capital increase of about 700 000 inhabitants loomed.
Rent a Car in Bucharest and Visit the city
Bucharest was one of the most important cultural centers of the country, well before becoming the capital of Romania. This information comes from 1580 and was included in the first printins ever made in Romania, which were created in Plumbuita. In the XVI th century the oldest school of Bucharest appeared. The first school in the Romanian language is organized in the year 1818. School in St. Sava, headed by Gheorghe Lazar. In the period preceding the Revolution of 1848 appear even more schools, and in 1884 in Bucharest there were already operating three gymnasiums with four classes and two kindergartens.
In Bucharest, and there were 3 high schools ( St. Sava and Matei Basarab, founded in 1865). Other famous schools came later: Gheorghe Lazar - 1890, Michael the Brave - 1892, George Sincai - 1892 to 1851 are set up fn School Central girls, then turned in Pedagogical Institute (1890) and the normal school governess (1893). Other special schools, appeared in the second half of XIX th century were: School of roads and bridges (1851), School of health Colfea (1855), School of pharmacy and veterinary sciences(1857 ), transformed into the Faculty of Medicine (1864),and directed by Carol Davila, Conservatory of Music and rant | ie (1860) School belle-arts (1864), founded with the support of painter Theodor Aman and Gheorghe Tattarescu School Offer, N. Kretulescu (1864), School of Agriculture (reorganized in 1864) and the Normal School of Boys(1867).
By decree of Alexandru. I. Cuza, in 1864, was established the University of Bucharest (the first rector Costaforu Gheorghe), because later, in 1888, to establish School of bridges and roads. In the first part of sec. XX are all other education institutions amant education: school of architecture (1904), Academy of High Commercial and Industrial Studies (1913), high school agriculture in Herastrau (1918), Polytechnic of Bucharest (1920) - by transforming National School of bridges and roads - nationals Academy of Physical Education (1922). During post war phases the educational system meet meet new dimensions and 102 schools on different profiles were created.
The largest university center of the country, Bucharest has 12 institutions of higher education state with 60 faculties, 8 colleges to which they added 12 belonging to private education. Bucharest schools were, in time, the main centers of scientific life. In XIX th century appear most companies and associations of propagation of scientific knowledge (14 companies, the first defending in 1835 - the Society of Agriculture).
Among the first research institutes weather service distinguish novel (1884), bacteriological Institute (1887), Botanical Garden (1892), geologic Institute (1906). Other institutes are in the interwar period and post-war, shaped by fields of great meaning for the culture and economy nationals. In post-war scientific activity were imposed several institutes, single national (National Institute of Physics, National Institute of Economic, Biological Research Institute etc.) and others published in recent decades.
Scientific activity has been boosted by the revitalization of the Romanian Academy in 1990, with the return to the research institutes that work before the next academic year 1974. In total, In B. operates 130 institutes and research centers and institutes around 20 design. In academic life science capital operates three academies: the Romanian Academy (1866), Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Forest (1969) and Academy of Medical Sciences (1969). In the literary field, B. remained in Romanian culture through the history of printing, in 1688, a Bible in Bucharest. In sec. XVII-XVIII are menfionati illustrate carturari like Stolnicul Constantin Cantacuzino, Radu Popescu and Antim Ivireanu.
In the XIX century incepulul founded by Gheorghe Lazar first institute of higher education in English Royal Academy of Saint Sava, where among others invajat Heliade Ion Radulescu, Grigore Alexandrescu, Demetrius Bolintineanu etc. In 1829 the first newspaper eel important Romanian language. Curierul Romanian , and in 1837 the literary supplement Curier of both sexes. In the first part of XIX th century the entire literary press is dominated by the preparation and unfolding of events, such as the Revolution of 1821.
Revolution in 1848 and Union principalities, based on Economie.ro. After 1859 increases the role of literary and cultural town, and B. operating activities pleiada a large nation of writers, who founded numerous publications and literally: the journals Literatorul (1880-1919), Literary Talks (1885 -- 1944), moved (from 1885 to 1944) from Iasi, Viaje (1893-1895), founded by Al. Vlahuja, Vatra (1894-1896), coeditori I. Slavici, IL Caragiale, G. Cosbuc Semanatorul (Vlahuja and Cosbuc, continued St. O. Joseph, M. and N. Iorga Sadoveanu), Literary World (1919-1931), led by Perpessicius Sburatorul (1919 - 1922, 1926 -1927), Literary and Artistic Truth (1920-1939), literary .. Romania (1932-1934). In 1908 the Romans founded the Society of Writers. You can read this information and book a car with us, or visit a city with an extraordinary history, Jerusalem. Get your car online - let us save you the trip to jerusalem car rental agencies or Eilat car rental agencies.
In the theater, the first popular events can be found in sec. XVI-XVII, but they get a date with an organized arrangement of the first theater scene in 1817, the Bridge Mogosoaia at Cismeaua Rosie, and infiinjarea, In 1819, a Eforiei Theaters. Theater will be on 31 December 1852, among the most important being Matei Millo animators, Costache Caragiale, Michael Pascally to Interference from the two centuries (XIX and XX) are required actors: IC Nottara, Aristizza Romanescu, Aristide was Demetriade After the first world war, new institutions theater: Theater Breakfast - 1922, Fantazio - 1926, Intim - 1928 Theater Maria Ventura (now the Comedy Theater in 1926). Today, in 10 theaters B. works, plus the Circus Stat.
Operating theater for children Tandarica (1949) and Theater Ion Creanga (1965). B. is in the same time, eel most important center of Romanian musical life, with beginnings dating from the first half of sec. XIX, in 1835 founded the Philharmonic Society, and later in the National Theater, a band always act opera (the first representative in 1885). From 1921 dates as institufie Opera Romana (initially based in lyric theater, and after 1953 in a modern building). In the interwar period were said Operetta and Surveys. Founded in 1868, ordered bucurestcana Philharmonic in 1888, one of the most modern and beautiful concert halls in the world (at the time), Romanian Athenaeum. State institution in 1946).
In the arts an important year is 1950, when they founded the Union of Plastic Artists from Romania. In Bucharest are numerous thematic exhibitions, exhibitions of painting, sculpture and graphics, etc. Regarding the seventh art can mention on 27 May 1896, when he ran first film in the capital. We advise you to visit our partners at